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Investments for Higher Risk Tolerance – Part 2

In the previous article, we discussed some of the best investment opportunities available for people with higher risk tolerance.

Those opportunities included Options Trading, IPOs, Venture Capital, and REITs.

In this article, we are going to discuss some other Investments for Higher Risk Tolerance – Part 2.

Explore risk mitigation strategies to effectively manage your investments for higher risk tolerance and achieve your financial goals.

High-Yield Bonds

High-yield bonds are usually issued by foreign governments or high-debt companies.

These have the potential to provide investors with exceptionally high returns.

At the same time, they also come with the risk of losing the initial investment amount.

These bonds can be particularly appealing when compared to low-interest-rate government bonds in the current market environment.

Investors should exercise caution when dealing with high-yield bonds offering returns of 15 to 20%.

This is because they may be considered risky (junk) investments.

The idea that multiple reinvestments could double the principal should be weighed against the possibility of losing the entire invested amount.

Nevertheless, not all high-yield bonds result in failure, which is why these investments hold the potential for significant profits.


Let us start by discussing the potential advantages offered by High-Yield Bonds.

Higher Payout

High-yield bonds offer higher returns compared to traditional investment-grade bonds.

This is because companies issuing these bonds do not have an investment-grade rating and must offer higher yields to attract investors.

Dependable ROI

High-yield bonds provide a more consistent payout than stocks. The payout remains stable each pay period unless the company defaults.

Potential for Recession-Resistant Companies

Some high-yield bond issuers may be recession-resistant and perform well during economic downturns.

Investing in such companies can offer greater safety during challenging economic times.

Portfolio Diversification

High-yield bonds can be beneficial for both fixed-income and stock investors as they provide diversification.

These high-yield bonds help in reducing overall risk and enhancing portfolio stability.


Having discussed the advantages, let us now have a look at the drawbacks of investing in high-yield bonds.

Higher Default Rates

High-yield bonds have a higher risk of default compared to investment-grade bonds.

This makes them riskier investments and may not be suitable for risk-averse investors.

Less Liquidity

High-yield bonds may be less liquid due to the stigma associated with them.

Reselling such bonds can be more challenging than traditional investment-grade bonds.

Credit Rating and Interest Rate Sensitivity

High-yield bonds are more sensitive to changes in the issuer’s credit rating and interest rates.

A drop in credit rating or an increase in interest rates can significantly affect the bond’s value and ROI.

Vulnerability during Recessions

High-yield corporate bonds are often the first to suffer during economic recessions.

Companies issuing these bonds may face higher risks of default, making them more vulnerable during economic downturns.

Ultimately, high-yield corporate bonds offer the potential for higher returns.

At the same time, they come with increased risks compared to traditional investment-grade bonds.

Investors should carefully assess their risk tolerance and conduct research before investing in high-yield bonds in their portfolios.

Diversifying investments and selecting recession-resistant companies can help mitigate some of the risks associated with these bonds.

Forex Trading

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Forex trading might be more suitable for experienced professionals due to the fast and high-risk nature of exchange rate fluctuations.

Some of the investors may be comfortable with the challenges of currency trading.

If so, then it is essential to study specific currency patterns before making investments to mitigate additional risks.

The interconnected nature of currency markets often leads investors to engage in shorting one currency while going long on another.

They do so in order to safeguard their investments against potential losses.

Forex trading, as it is commonly known, is not recommended for beginners.

The forex market permits high leverage, with standard broker offerings reaching 50:1 leverage.

Such a high amount of leverage can be particularly risky if not used properly.

Let us now have a look at the advantages and disadvantages of forex trading.


Let us begin by discussing the pros of forex trading.

Low Costs

Forex trading involves minimal costs as brokers profit from currency spreads.

This eliminates the necessity for separate brokerage charges common in other securities trading.

Suit Various Trading Styles

The forex market operates 24/5, accommodating short-term and long-term traders with flexible trading hours.

High Liquidity

The forex market has the largest daily trading volume, ensuring efficient execution of large currency orders without significant price deviations.

No Central Exchange or Regulator

The decentralized and relatively deregulated nature of the forex market prevents sudden surprises and allows short positions, increasing trading opportunities.

Volatility Can Be Favorable

The frequent high price swings in major currencies offer profit-making opportunities for skilled traders.

Variety of Pairs to Trade

Traders can choose from 28 major currency pairs involving eight major currencies, providing diverse trading options.

Low Capital Requirements

With tight spreads and high leverage, forex trading allows starting with a small amount of capital, increasing profit potential.

Ease of Entry

A plethora of technical indicators and analysis tools enable traders of varying experience levels to swiftly enter the forex market.


Now, let us have a look at the disadvantages of forex trading.

Lack of Transparency

The broker-driven nature of the forex market may lead to limited transparency and control over trade execution.

Complex Price Determination

Forex rates are influenced by multiple factors, making analysis challenging, and getting technicals wrong can result in losses.

High Risk, High Leverage

The availability of high leverage magnifies both profits and losses, requiring careful risk management.

Self-Directed Learning

Forex traders lack professional assistance, necessitating disciplined self-directed learning and continuous improvement.

High Volatility

The forex market’s 24/7 operation and exposure to macroeconomic and geopolitical developments may lead to significant losses.

It is crucial for aspiring forex traders to weigh these pros and cons carefully.

They should also:
Acquire a strong understanding of the market.
Implement effective risk management strategies to navigate the challenges and make informed trading decisions.

By doing so, they can be effective in forex trading and get the best possible returns.

Hedge Funds

A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools money from various investors.

This includes institutional investors and invests in a diverse range of assets.

These funds are professionally managed by investment management firms.

Hedge funds utilize various strategies, such as short selling, trading derivatives, and participating in the OTC market.

They are typically open-ended, allowing investors to add or withdraw funds as needed.

However, hedge funds are structurally complex, making them riskier investments.

For aggressive risk-seekers, the lock-in period is usually longer, and if not managed properly, it can result in significant losses or total loss.

Let us now take a look at the advantages and disadvantages of investing in hedge funds.

Advantages of Hedge Funds

Let us begin by discussing the potential advantages of investing in hedge funds.

Aggressive Investment Strategies

Hedge funds offer aggressive strategies like leverage, derivatives, and long and short positions to achieve high returns.

Although these strategies can enhance profits, they require complex risk management tools to mitigate potential losses.

Huge Gains: Hedge funds aim for high returns regardless of market fluctuations.

Strategies like “global macro” focus on taking large positions in various assets based on forecasts of future economic events.

All of this is done while aiming to maximize returns with minimal risk.

Expert Advice

Hedge fund managers and professionals possess extensive knowledge and experience in financial investment.

This is when they have expert advice on selecting hedge funds, expect market fluctuations, and find investment opportunities for higher returns.

Disadvantages of Hedge Funds

Having discussed the advantages, let us now have a look at the drawbacks of investing in hedge funds.

Huge Investment Fees

Hedge funds often charge high fees, including a management fee (typically 2% of the fund’s net value paid monthly).

They also charge a performance fee (around 20% of the fund’s annual earnings).

These fees motivate managers to generate higher profits but can significantly impact investor returns.

Standard Deviation

The use of standard deviation to measure risk in hedge funds can be limited.

This is because hedge fund returns don’t necessarily follow a bell-curve distribution.

It might not provide an accurate picture of the overall risk-return characteristics.

Downside Capture

Downside capture measures a hedge fund’s correlation to a specific market during market declines.

However, the comparison to a benchmark may not reflect the fund’s unique investment style, leading to inaccurate performance evaluation.


Drawdown estimates a hedge fund’s return compared to its recent highest return, indicating the peak-to-valley ratio.

Drawdowns can be less useful for hedge funds as their performance might not be consistent or predictable.


The use of leverage in hedge funds can lead to substantial losses when investment returns decline.

High leverage can magnify downsides, potentially causing hedge funds to sell assets at lower prices and increasing the risk of bankruptcy.

Private Equity

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Unlike venture capital, most private equity firms and funds focus on investing in established companies rather than start-ups

They try to increase the value of their portfolio companies or extract value from them before eventually exiting the investment.

The private equity industry has experienced rapid growth, driven by:
Increased allocations to alternative investments.
Strong returns from private equity funds since 2000.

In 2021, private equity buyouts reached a record $1.1 trillion, doubling from the previous year.

Private equity investing tends to be more profitable and popular during periods of high stock market performance and low-interest rates.

This tends to be a situation when these cyclical factors become less favorable.

Private equity firms raise capital from clients to establish private equity funds.

They act as general partners to manage the fund investments in exchange for fees and a share of profits.

This is beyond a predetermined minimum threshold known as the hurdle rate.

Private equity funds typically have a finite term of 7 to 10 years, and the invested capital is not available for withdrawals during this period.

However, the funds typically begin distributing profits to investors after a certain number of years.

The average holding period for a private equity portfolio company is approximately five years in 2021.

Some of the largest private equity firms have become publicly listed companies following landmark initial public offerings (IPOs).

They include:
Blackstone Group Inc.
KKR & Co. Inc.
Carlyle Group Inc.
Apollo Global Management Inc.,

Additionally, several smaller private equity firms have also gone public through IPOs, primarily in Europe.

Let us have a look at the advantages and disadvantages of investing in private equity.


Let us begin by knowing the advantages of investing in private equity.

Growth Potential

Private equity offers organizations an immediate advantage through the injection of funds.

With substantial financial resources, private equity groups and investors can provide significant support to organizations.

This influx of capital can lead to various benefits for companies, such as:
Launching new ideas
Restructuring internal operations
Acquiring competitors
Avoiding bankruptcy

It presents both a lifeline and a gateway to new opportunities, allowing for flexibility and tangible transformations

Private equity investments can have a profound impact on day-to-day operations and long-term growth.

This ranges from purchasing new equipment and upgrading facilities to implementing effective marketing strategies,

Expert Guidance

Private equity firms and investors possess extensive experience and knowledge in financial investment.

Their involvement provides organizations with expert advice not only on selecting suitable investment opportunities but also on:
Market fluctuations
Geographical considerations

The relationship between private equity firms and small businesses is particularly valuable.

This can lead to successful long-term growth or even turn around struggling companies.

Private equity investors are often proactive and opportunistic, offering guidance and support during challenging times.

Flexibility and Resilience

Private equity investments offer increased flexibility compared to the public market.

This is because they come with a diverse range of investment opportunities across various stages of a company’s development.

Investors can choose the level of involvement and risk that suits their preferences.

Private equity has demonstrated its resilience during economic downturns.

We can observe this as it outperformed public markets and presented new opportunities even in times of crisis.

Return Potential

It is proven to be a successful long-term investment, delivering higher returns than many other assets, including public markets.

The strategic timing of venture capital investments can lead to substantial returns, although it involves higher risk.

Private equity can serve as a valuable component in a diversified investment portfolio, offering stability and upside potential.


Now, let us have a look at the drawbacks of investing in private equity.

Inequality in Access

Private equity investing tends to favor wealthy individuals and large institutions, creating an uneven playing field.

The high barrier to entry with minimum investments ranging from $250,000 to $25 million, makes it inaccessible to the average investor.

This investment opportunity is primarily available to high-net-worth individuals and large organizations.

Therefore, it limits the inclusivity and accessibility compared to the public market.

Limited Influence for Everyday Investors

Everyday investors may gain access to private markets through larger investment groups or private equity firms.

However, they are less likely to enjoy the benefits offered to wealthy individuals and institutions.

There may still be opportunities for high growth, but average investors often have limited hands-on influence in their investments.

This can be done by leaving the management and allocation of financial resources to professionals and institutions.

High Risk

Although some private equity investments have the potential for significant growth, they also come with considerable risk.

This is especially the case when investing in early-stage companies.

The speculative nature of these investments means that many start-ups do not succeed, with only about 10-15% experiencing growth.

Various factors can lead to the failure of early-stage companies, such as:
Poor management
Unsuccessful product launches
Unresponsive markets
Emerging competitors
Rapid technological obsolescence

These risks can result in substantial losses for private equity investors.

Unclear Transparency

Transparency is a significant concern in private equity investments.

This is because there is often a lack of clear and accessible information about the companies involved.

In public markets, companies are required to disclose their financial positions and adhere to compliance rules and regulations.

On the other hand, private equity operates in a more ambiguous space with fewer stringent enforcement mechanisms.

This lack of transparency makes it challenging for researchers and investors to accurately assess key metrics like:
Company valuations
Performance attribution

This often leads to a situation with uncertainties about associated risks and fees.

The questionable nature of private equity investments may leave investors in the dark about crucial details.

This could potentially be impacting their decision-making process.

The complex and hidden variables associated with private equity underscore the importance of considering the risks alongside the potential benefits.

Honorable Mentions

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We will now observe some other investments that are noteworthy and a good addition to a high-risk tolerant portfolio.

Private Debt

Private debt refers to borrowed money obtained by individuals, businesses, or non-government entities.

This can include loans from banks, company bonds, lines of credit, mortgages, or even debts owed to friends or family.

The process of acquiring private debt varies depending on the specific type of debt and the lender involved.

There are various types of private debt financing available, each with distinct characteristics and terms. Some common types include:

  • Corporate Bonds

Securities that companies issue to raise capital on public markets.

  • Mezzanine Financing

A more expensive and higher-risk form of debt is used when a company prepares for an initial public offering (IPO) or cannot secure traditional bank financing.

  • Senior Secured Debt

Debt that is secured by specific assets of the borrower, granting the lender a claim on those assets in case of default.

  • Junior Debt

Debt that ranks lower in priority to senior debt during default situations.

  • Uni-Tranche Debt

A combination of senior and mezzanine debt is provided by a single lender, offering a middle ground in terms of risk and cost.

  • Asset-Based Lending

The debt is secured by the borrower’s assets, such as accounts receivable, inventory, or equipment.

  • Real Estate Financing

Debt is used to finance the purchase or development of commercial or residential properties.

  • Leveraged Loans

Loans are extended to entities with a high level of debt relative to their cash flow or assets.

Each type of private debt serves different purposes and comes with its own set of advantages and risks.

Borrowers and lenders must carefully consider their options before entering into any private debt arrangement.

Structured Products

Structured products are pre-designed investment vehicles that typically combine assets linked to interest rates with one or more derivatives.

These products are often associated with an index or a group of securities.

The aim of these financial instruments is to cater to the specific risk-return preferences of investors.

They are designed to meet specific investment goals and risk preferences.

Instead of following the usual payment schedule, they offer returns based on how certain underlying assets perform.

These products provide investors with customized options to achieve their desired outcomes.

Bottom Line

Individuals with a high tolerance for risk are willing to take on more investment risk to potentially earn higher returns.

Depending on your own risk tolerance, some of these investments may align with your investment goals.

At the same time, some other investments may not be suitable for your specific situation.

Please note that this article is for educational and informational purposes only.

The information in this article should not be considered actual financial advice, as investment needs can be complex.

High-risk tolerance individuals have unique needs that call for a more aggressive and growth-focused investment approach.

However, it is crucial for these investors to strike a balance between risk and potential rewards, considering their financial goals, time horizon, and overall financial situation.

To determine the specific assets that best suit your needs, a comprehensive evaluation of your individual situation is necessary.

Seeking the guidance of a financial expert who can cater to your investment requirements is advisable in such cases.

Throughout the years, I have assisted numerous individuals in achieving financial independence by addressing their unique investment needs.

If you are searching for a wealth manager but are unsure about finding the right person, you can reach out to me to explore how my exceptional solutions may benefit you.

Having said all that, I hope the information provided in this article has been valuable to you.

Pained by financial indecision? Want to invest with Adam?

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Adam is an internationally recognised author on financial matters, with over 760.2 million answer views on Quora.com, a widely sold book on Amazon, and a contributor on Forbes.

This website is not designed for American resident readers, or for people from any country where buying investments or distributing such information is illegal. This website is not a solicitation to invest, nor tax, legal, financial or investment advice. We only deal with investors who are expats or high-net-worth/self-certified  individuals, on a non-solicitation basis. Not for the retail market.



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