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Top 10 Best Countries to Get Citizenship in 2023

Acquiring citizenship in a new country has grown exponentially over the years. As globalization continues to bridge gaps between nations, the benefits of holding citizenship in multiple countries become increasingly evident.

From personal to professional reasons, the desire to explore countries to get citizenship is fueled by a myriad of motivations.

If you want to invest as an expat or high-net-worth individual, or get a second citizenship , you can email me (advice@adamfayed.com) or use these contact options.

Why Citizenship Matters

Citizenship is more than just a legal status; it’s a profound connection between an individual and a country. When evaluating countries to get citizenship, the focus isn’t solely on obtaining a new passport.

Instead, it’s about finding a nation that resonates with one’s values, aspirations, and long-term objectives. The countries to get citizenship in present unparalleled opportunities, rights, and privileges, often surpassing what’s available to non-citizens.

The Growing Appeal of Multiple Citizenships

The concept of holding multiple citizenships isn’t new, but its appeal has surged in recent times.

With multiple citizenships, individuals unlock a plethora of opportunities, from leading a better lifestyle, accessing world-class education and healthcare, to exploring lucrative investment programs and real estate ventures.

The process to obtain multiple citizenships varies, with each country setting its unique guidelines and requirements. For instance, while countries like Canada and the United States grant citizenship based on birthright, others might offer it through investment programs or naturalization processes.

countries to get citizenship
Selecting the right country for citizenship is more than just obtaining a new passport. It’s about aligning with a nation that meets your personal, economic, and social needs.

Dual Citizenship: A Gateway to Global Opportunities

Having dual or even multiple citizenships serves as a gateway to global opportunities. Countries to get citizenship in often come with the perk of easier international travel, opening doors to business ventures and educational pursuits in various parts of the world.

Furthermore, in uncertain times marked by political upheavals or economic downturns, holding citizenship in more than one country can provide a much-needed safety net.

The Practical Benefits of Multiple Citizenships

While the idea of belonging to multiple nations is enticing, the practical benefits are undeniable. Countries to get citizenship in can offer tax advantages, especially if one of the countries has a favorable tax regime.

Additionally, a second passport can enhance global mobility, granting visa-free access to numerous countries. This not only simplifies travel but also facilitates international business operations.

Factors to Consider Before Seeking Citizenship

Selecting the right country for citizenship is more than just obtaining a new passport. It’s about aligning with a nation that meets your personal, economic, and social needs. Here are the essential factors to weigh when exploring countries to get citizenship.

Economic Stability

Economic stability is a primary concern for many when looking at countries to get citizenship. A stable economy often translates to a better quality of life and more opportunities.

GDP and Employment Rates

Countries to get citizenship in should showcase a strong GDP, which often indicates a thriving economy. Additionally, low unemployment rates in these countries suggest ample job opportunities and a vibrant business environment.

Currency Strength and Inflation

When you’re considering countries to get citizenship, it’s essential to evaluate the strength of their currency and their inflation rates. A stable currency ensures that your financial assets remain protected, while low inflation rates mean that your purchasing power won’t diminish rapidly.

Political Climate

The political landscape significantly influences the decision to choose countries to get citizenship. A stable political environment often ensures safety, security, and the protection of individual rights.

Stability and Governance

Good governance is a hallmark of countries to get citizenship in. A transparent and accountable government not only ensures the rights and freedoms of its citizens but also fosters an environment where individuals can thrive.

International Relations

Countries to get citizenship in should ideally have strong international relations. Positive ties with other nations can lead to better trade opportunities, travel conveniences, and a generally safer environment for its citizens.

Cultural and Social Aspects

The cultural and social fabric of a nation plays a crucial role when you’re evaluating countries to get citizenship.

Language and Integration

Most countries to get citizenship in are multilingual. However, understanding the primary language can significantly aid in integration, making daily interactions smoother and more meaningful.

Lifestyle and Traditions

Every country has its unique set of traditions and lifestyle. When considering countries to get citizenship, it’s beneficial to familiarize yourself with these aspects. This not only aids in integration but also enriches your experience, allowing you to fully immerse in and appreciate the new culture.

Top 10 Easiest Countries to Get Citizenship

Acquiring citizenship in another country can be driven by various motivations, from personal freedom and security to business opportunities. Here are the top countries to get citizenship in 2023, based on ease and the benefits they offer:

1. Portugal

Portugal, a picturesque country in Southern Europe, has become a top choice for many seeking an alternative residence and citizenship. The Portugal Golden Visa program is a popular route for investors and their families to obtain residency, and eventually citizenship, in this beautiful nation.

Residency by Investment Route:

Portugal’s Golden Visa program offers a two-year residency to non-EU/EEA investors who make a qualifying investment in the country.

The most common investment route is real estate, with a minimum investment of €280,000. However, there are other investment options available, such as capital transfer and job creation.

After obtaining the Golden Visa, holders can choose to live in Portugal or maintain residency in their home country. To retain their residency status, they must visit Portugal for at least seven days per year.

After five years of maintaining their investment and meeting the residency requirements, they can apply for permanent residency and, eventually, citizenship.

General Requirements for Portuguese Citizenship:

  • Maintain the investment in Portugal for five years.
  • Abide by the minimum stay requirements of seven days per year.
  • Hold a clean criminal record.
  • Demonstrate proof of having no outstanding tax payments in Portugal.
  • Show a basic understanding of the Portuguese language and culture.

It’s worth noting that the Portuguese government is currently discussing potential changes to the Golden Visa program, including the possibility of excluding real estate investments.

2. Spain

Spain, with its rich history, vibrant culture, and beautiful landscapes, offers a Golden Visa program that has attracted many investors from around the world.

Residency by Investment Route:

To obtain residency in Spain, investors need to make a minimum investment of €500,000 under the Spain Golden Visa program.

This investment can be in real estate or other qualifying areas. After five years of continuous residency, they can apply for permanent residency. After ten years, they become eligible for Spanish citizenship.

General Requirements for Spanish Citizenship:

  • Reside in Spain for at least 183 days every year for ten years.
  • Maintain the investment in Spain.
  • Hold a clean criminal record.
  • Demonstrate proof of having no outstanding tax payments in Spain.
  • Show a basic understanding of the Spanish language and culture.

For those with ties to former Spanish colonies, the residency requirement for citizenship can be reduced to just two years.

3. Curaçao

Curaçao, an enchanting Caribbean island, offers a pathway to citizenship through residency.

Residency by Investment Route:

Being an autonomous country within the Kingdom of The Netherlands, obtaining citizenship in Curaçao can potentially pave the way to Dutch citizenship. To be eligible, an investment of a minimum amount of $280,000 is required.

Curaçao, with its pristine beaches and vibrant culture, is not just a tourist destination but also a promising place for investors.

By obtaining citizenship here, you can enjoy visa-free travel to several countries, a favorable tax regime, and the potential to extend your citizenship privileges to the Netherlands.

While the exact details of the application process for Curaçao’s residency by investment program are not detailed in the current search, it’s essential to consult with local immigration experts or legal advisors to ensure a smooth application process.

4. Malta

Citizenship by Investment: Malta, a gem in the Mediterranean, offers the Individual Investor Program which allows individuals to achieve Maltese citizenship, and by extension, European Union citizenship.

This is achieved through a combination of donation and investment. The exact contribution amount is determined by your residency duration in the country.

countries to get citizenship
Having dual or even multiple citizenships serves as a gateway to global opportunities.

Malta Citizenship by Naturalization for Exceptional Services (CES)

Introduced as a replacement for the previous Malta citizenship by investment program, the CES program expedites the naturalization process through foreign investment.

This program grants full Maltese citizenship and a European passport, provided the investor meets the investment and eligibility requirements. Citizenship can be granted to expats and their families who contribute to Malta’s economic growth.

The typical timeline for Malta citizenship by investment is a 36-month residence period. However, this can be shortened to 12 months if a more substantial minimum investment is made. To be eligible for the CES program, applicants must:

  • Be over the age of 18
  • Be a third-country national (non-EU, non-EEA, or non-Swiss)
  • Have a clean criminal record
  • Pass a stringent due diligence process
  • Fulfill all necessary investment requirements

The investment involves a contribution of at least €600,000 ($640,000) after 36 months of residency in Malta or €750,000 ($800,000) after 12 months.

Additionally, applicants must purchase residential property worth at least €700,000 ($747,000) or lease a property with a minimum annual rent of €16,000 ($17,000) for a minimum of five years.

A donation of €10,000 ($10,670) to a Maltese organization approved by the Community Malta Agency is also required.

Acquiring Maltese citizenship offers numerous advantages, including freedom of movement within the EU, visa-free travel to over 170 countries, dual citizenship, and access to Malta’s top-tier healthcare system.

Additionally, Malta’s tax system is based on residency, not citizenship, potentially offering tax benefits to new citizens.

5. Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda, known for its picturesque landscapes and vibrant culture, offers a Citizenship by Investment Program that has gained popularity among high-net-worth individuals seeking alternative citizenship.

The Antigua and Barbuda Citizenship by Investment Program provides an attractive solution for those aiming for access to European and Caribbean markets, as well as visa-free entry to significant Asian financial centers.

To qualify for citizenship in Antigua and Barbuda, applicants must meet specific criteria and choose one of the following investment options:

  • Contribution to the National Development Fund: A minimum non-refundable donation of USD 100,000.
  • Contribution to the University of the West Indies: A minimum non-refundable donation of USD 150,000.
  • Real Estate Investment: Purchase real estate with a minimum value of USD 200,000 from an approved project. Two applicants can jointly invest, with each investing at least USD 200,000. The property must be held for a minimum of five years.
  • Business Investment: Direct purchase of an eligible business for a minimum of USD 1.5 million as an individual or a joint purchase totaling a minimum of USD 5 million, with each person contributing at least USD 400,000.

The Citizenship by Investment Unit (CIU) oversees the application process. After thorough examination and due diligence checks, the CIU may approve the application, which typically takes between three and four months from submission to passport issuance.

Successful applicants must reside in Antigua and Barbuda for at least five days during the first five years of obtaining citizenship.

5. St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and Nevis, a dual-island nation known for its serene beaches and lush greenery, offers a Citizenship by Investment Program that has been attracting global citizens for years.

St. Kitts and Nevis provides an avenue for individuals to obtain citizenship by either investing in government-approved real estate projects or making a donation to the Sustainable Growth Fund.

Investment Options

  • Sustainable Growth Fund: Applicants can choose to make a donation to this fund, which supports national development initiatives.
  • Real Estate Investment: Investing in government-approved real estate projects is another route to obtain citizenship. The investment ensures that applicants contribute to the nation’s infrastructure and development.

To be eligible for the St. Kitts and Nevis Citizenship by Investment Program, applicants must be over 18 years old, possess a clean criminal record, meet the specified investment requirements, and provide proof of the source of their funds.

countries to get citizenship
The cultural and social fabric of a nation plays a crucial role when you’re evaluating countries to get citizenship.

7. Turkey

Turkey, a transcontinental nation, offers a unique citizenship by investment scheme that attracts international investors.

With its strategic location bridging Europe and Asia, a Turkish passport provides significant benefits, including visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 126 destinations worldwide, such as Hong Kong, Japan, and Singapore.

Benefits of Turkish Citizenship by Investment

One of the standout advantages of Turkey’s citizenship program is its swift processing time. In just three to four months, applicants can secure Turkish citizenship. Moreover, there’s no requirement for an interview, nor is there a need to visit Turkey at any stage of the application.

Additionally, Turkish citizens can enjoy visa-free travel to over 120 destinations worldwide. The program also extends citizenship benefits to the main applicant’s family, including their spouse, dependent children under 18, and differently-abled children of any age.

Investment Options

To qualify for Turkish citizenship, investors have several options:

  • Real Estate Acquisition: Invest at least $400,000 in Turkish real estate. This can be a single property or multiple properties, and there’s no obligation to reside in the purchased property. However, it must be retained for three years before selling.
  • Bank Deposit: Deposit a minimum of $500,000 in a Turkish bank and maintain it for at least three years.
  • Government Bonds: Invest at least $500,000 in government bonds.
  • Capital Investment: Invest a minimum of $500,000 into a real estate investment fund share or venture capital investment fund share.
  • Job Creation: Establish an enterprise that creates full-time jobs for at least fifty Turkish citizens.

Application Process

The journey to acquiring Turkish citizenship involves:

  1. Choosing the investment route.
  2. Gathering the necessary documentation.
  3. Completing the investment and obtaining a residence permit.
  4. Submitting the citizenship application.
  5. Receiving the Turkish passport, which is valid for ten years.

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for Turkish citizenship by investment, applicants must:

  • Be at least 18 years old.
  • Hold a clean criminal record.
  • Have adequate health insurance.
  • Not have overstayed illegally in Turkey.
  • Not belong to black-listed nationalities, which include Armenia, Cuba, Nigeria, North Korea, and Syria.

Why Consider Turkey?

Turkey is renowned for its rich history, vibrant culture, and breathtaking landscapes. The country boasts safety, especially in major cities and along the Turkish coastline.

With 300 days of sunshine annually, a pleasant climate, and an affordable cost of living, Turkey is among the top countries to get citizenship for many investors.


Argentina, located in South America, is known for its rich culture, diverse landscapes, and vibrant cities. When considering countries to get citizenship, Argentina stands out due to its straightforward naturalization process.

Citizenship by Naturalization

An individual who is 18 years or older and has lived in Argentina for two years is eligible for citizenship by naturalization.

This relatively short residency requirement makes Argentina one of the more appealing countries to get citizenship. The application for citizenship is made before a federal judge, ensuring a transparent and legal process.

Benefits of Argentine Citizenship

Argentine citizens enjoy various benefits, including the right to vote, access to public services, and the freedom to live, work, and study in Argentina without any restrictions.

Additionally, as Argentina is a member of the Mercosur trade bloc, citizens also have the right to live and work in other member countries.


Peru, with its rich history, stunning landscapes, and diverse culture, is another South American country that offers an easy route to citizenship.

Citizenship by Naturalization

Similar to Argentina, Peru has a two-year residence requirement for those seeking citizenship through naturalization. This makes Peru one of the countries to get citizenship in a relatively short time.

Benefits of Peruvian Citizenship

Being a citizen of Peru grants individuals the right to vote, access to public healthcare, education, and other social services. Additionally, as a member of the Andean Community, Peruvian citizens can live and work in member countries without needing a visa.


Located in Central Europe, Poland is known for its rich history, beautiful architecture, and warm hospitality. For those considering countries to get citizenship in Europe, Poland offers a viable option.

countries to get citizenship
Every country has its unique set of traditions and lifestyle. When considering countries to get citizenship.

Citizenship by Naturalization

Poland requires individuals to reside in the country for three years before they can apply for citizenship through naturalization. During this period, individuals must demonstrate their commitment to the Polish community and show their intent to permanently reside in Poland.

Benefits of Polish Citizenship

Polish citizens enjoy numerous benefits, including the freedom to live, work, and study anywhere within the European Union. Additionally, they have access to public healthcare, education, and other social services in Poland.

The Polish passport is also ranked among the most powerful in the world, allowing visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to many countries globally.

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Adam is an internationally recognised author on financial matters, with over 760.2 million answer views on Quora.com, a widely sold book on Amazon, and a contributor on Forbes.

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