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Guide to Investments and Living in Colombia

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Welcome to the ultimate guide to investments and living in Colombia. Colombia is a country rich in culture, natural beauty, and economic potential. With a growing middle class and a favorable business environment, it offers numerous opportunities for both local and international investors.

In this page, we will touch on all you need to know about living in Colombia, including the following topics:

  • Why invest in Colombia?
    • Colombia Economy
    • Real estate in Colombia
  • Living in Colombia
    • Colombia Visa
    • Cost of Living in Colombia
    • Best Cities to Live in Colombia
    • Living in Bogota vs Living in Cartagena
    • Is Colombia Safe?
    • Colombia Culture

If you are looking to invest as an expat or high-net-worth individual, which is what I specialize in, you can email me (advice@adamfayed.com) or WhatsApp (+44-7393-450-837).

Why Invest in Colombia?

Colombia is rapidly emerging as one of the most attractive investment destinations in Latin America. With a population of over 50 million people and a strategic location at the crossroads of North and South America, the country offers a vibrant market with significant growth potential.

Its stable political environment and commitment to economic reforms have created a favorable investment climate, attracting both local and international investors.

The Colombian government has implemented a range of initiatives to stimulate foreign investment, including tax incentives, streamlined business registration processes, and investment protection mechanisms. The results of the 2023 Colombia elections, however, might affect this.

Additionally, Colombia has a highly skilled and educated workforce, making it an ideal location for companies looking to establish operations or expand their presence in the region.

Investment opportunities in Colombia are diverse and span various sectors. From agriculture and mining to technology and renewable energy, there are numerous avenues for investors to explore.

The country is known for its abundance of natural resources, including oil, gold, and emeralds, making it an attractive destination for resource-based investments. Furthermore, Colombia’s strategic location and extensive trade agreements provide access to a wide range of markets, further enhancing its investment prospects.

Related content: Expat Taxes in Colombia

Colombia Economy

Colombia’s economy has experienced steady growth over the past decade, with an average annual GDP growth rate of around 4%. Most notably, it saw a spike in growth in 2022.

The country’s economic success can be attributed to its diverse sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, services, and mining. Agriculture plays a significant role in Colombia’s economy, with coffee, bananas, flowers, and palm oil among its major exports.

The manufacturing sector has also seen significant growth, particularly in industries such as textiles, automotive, and electronics.

Living in Colombia

Investment Opportunities in Colombia

Colombia offers a wide range of investment opportunities across various sectors. One of the most attractive sectors for investors is real estate.

The Colombian real estate market has experienced steady growth, driven by factors such as urbanization, rising middle-class incomes, and increased demand for housing.

Major cities like Bogotá, Medellín, and Cartagena have seen a surge in construction activity, creating opportunities for both residential and commercial real estate investments.

Another promising sector is renewable energy. Colombia has a rich renewable energy potential, with ample sunlight, wind resources, and hydropower capacity.

Moreover, the government has implemented incentives and regulations to promote renewable energy projects, attracting investment in solar, wind, and hydroelectric power generation, making the country one of the leaders in renewables across the globe.

Real Estate in Colombia

The real estate market in Colombia has been experiencing significant growth in recent years. The country’s urbanization rate, coupled with a growing middle class, has created a strong demand for residential and commercial properties.

Major cities like Bogotá, Medellín, and Cartagena have seen a surge in construction activity, offering a range of investment opportunities.

Colombia's diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and improving economy make it an attractive destination for individuals looking to live, invest, or retire.
Colombia’s diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and improving economy make it an attractive destination for individuals looking to live, invest, or retire.

In Bogotá, the capital city, the demand for residential properties has been driven by factors such as population growth, rising incomes, and urban redevelopment projects.

The city offers a diverse range of neighborhoods, from upscale areas like Zona Rosa and Chapinero to more affordable options on the outskirts. Foreign investors have been particularly interested in luxury apartments and commercial properties in prime locations.

Medellín, known for its pleasant climate and innovative urban planning, has also witnessed a real estate boom in recent years. The city’s transformation from a notorious drug hub to a thriving metropolis has attracted both local and international investors.

The demand for residential properties, particularly in upscale neighborhoods like El Poblado, has been on the rise. Additionally, Medellín has become a popular destination for digital nomads and expatriates, further driving the demand for rental properties.

Cartagena, a historic coastal city and UNESCO World Heritage site, offers unique real estate opportunities. The city’s charming colonial architecture, vibrant culture, and pristine beaches have made it a sought-after destination for both tourists and investors.

Luxury beachfront properties, boutique hotels, and vacation rentals are among the most attractive investment options in Cartagena.

Related content: Guide to Buying Property in Colombia as a Foreigner

Colombia Cities to Invest in

Colombia’s real estate market has seen significant growth in recent years, making it an attractive destination for property investors. Two cities, in particular, offer promising investment opportunities.


Medellín, often referred to as the “City of Eternal Spring,” has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years, making it a prime investment location.

The city’s innovative transportation systems, thriving business environment, and captivating natural surroundings have attracted both local and international entrepreneurs.

Living in Medellín gives you access to a real estate market that has experienced steady growth, with a range of options available, from luxury apartments to commercial properties. The city’s strategic location, coupled with its favorable investment climate, makes it an excellent choice for property investors.


As the capital city and economic hub of Colombia, Bogotá offers numerous investment opportunities across various sectors.

The city’s growing economy, stable political environment, and well-developed infrastructure make it an attractive destination for both local and international investors.

Bogotá’s real estate market has seen significant growth, with a demand for residential and commercial properties. The city’s diverse neighborhoods cater to different investment preferences, ranging from upscale areas to up-and-coming districts.

Banking in Colombia

Colombia’s banking and financial services sector has undergone significant transformation in recent years, becoming more sophisticated and competitive. The country has a well-regulated banking system that offers a wide range of services to individuals and businesses.

Major national and international banks operate in Colombia, providing services such as personal and business banking, investment products, and credit facilities. The banking sector is highly regulated and supervised by the Superintendence of Finance, ensuring the stability and integrity of the financial system.

In addition to traditional banking services, Colombia has seen a rise in digital banking solutions and fintech startups. Mobile banking, online payment platforms, and peer-to-peer lending are gaining popularity, driven by the increasing adoption of smartphones and internet connectivity.

For international investors, opening a bank account in Colombia is relatively straightforward. Most banks require proof of identity, proof of address, and a valid visa or residency permit. It is advisable to consult with a local financial advisor or attorney to understand the specific requirements and procedures.

Related content:

Banks in Colombia: 4 Best Banks for Wealth Management

What Are the Conditions to Open a Bank Account in Columbia 2022

Living in Colombia

Colombia, with its stunning beauty and cultural diversity, offers a plethora of possibilities for individuals seeking to live, invest, or retire in this vibrant South American country. However, before making any decisions, it is crucial to consider several factors that can greatly impact your experience.

  • Geographical Location: Colombia is known for its diverse landscapes, ranging from lush rainforests to picturesque beaches and towering mountains. Consider which type of environment suits your preferences and lifestyle.
  • Cost of Living: The cost of living can vary significantly from city to city in Colombia. Take into account factors such as housing prices, transportation costs, healthcare expenses, and the overall affordability of goods and services.
  • Safety and Security: While Colombia has made significant strides in terms of safety and security, it is still important to research and understand the situation in your chosen city. Look for areas with low crime rates and reliable infrastructure.
  • Infrastructure and Amenities: Consider the availability and quality of infrastructure and amenities such as healthcare facilities, schools, transportation systems, and recreational options. These factors can greatly impact your day-to-day life.
  • Climate: Colombia weather boasts a variety of climates due to its geographical diversity. From the warm coastal regions to the cooler highlands, choose a climate that aligns with your preferences and health requirements.
  • Cultural and Social Opportunities: The Colombia population is renowned for its rich cultural heritage and vibrant social scene. Exploring Colombia food is also a great way to socialize. Consider the availability of cultural events, festivals, entertainment venues, and social activities that align with your interests and lifestyle.

Colombia Visa

Colombia offers several visa options for individuals looking to live in the country. The most common types of visas include tourist visas, business visas, investment visas, and retirement visas.

The specific requirements and application processes vary depending on the type of visa and the individual’s nationality.

Tourist visas are typically valid for up to 90 days and can be extended for an additional 90 days. Business visas are suitable for individuals who intend to work or conduct business activities in Colombia.

Investment visas are available for individuals who plan to invest a certain amount of capital in the country, while retirement visas are designed for individuals who wish to retire in Colombia.

To obtain a visa, applicants generally need to provide a valid passport, proof of financial solvency, a letter of intent, and any additional supporting documents required by the Colombian authorities.

It is recommended to consult with a local immigration lawyer or agency to ensure compliance with the latest regulations and requirements.

Cost of Living in Colombia

The cost of living in Colombia varies depending on the location and lifestyle preferences. Major cities like Bogotá and Medellín tend to have a higher cost of living compared to smaller towns and rural areas.

However, Colombia remains an affordable country overall, offering a good quality of life at a reasonable cost.

Housing is one of the major expenses in Colombia. The rental prices in major cities can be high, particularly in upscale neighborhoods. However, there are also more affordable options available, especially in the outskirts or less central areas.

Transportation costs in Colombia are generally reasonable. Public transportation, including buses and the metro, is affordable and widely available in major cities. Taxis and ride-sharing services like Uber are also popular and relatively inexpensive compared to other countries.

Food and groceries in Colombia are reasonably priced, especially if you opt for local produce and traditional cuisine. Eating out at local restaurants can be affordable, while international and upscale dining options may be more expensive.

Related content: Expat Cost of Living in Colombia

Healthcare in Colombia

Colombia has made significant progress in providing quality healthcare services to its citizens.

The country has a universal healthcare system that provides coverage to all residents, including foreigners with valid visas or residency permits. The healthcare system in Colombia is a mix of public and private providers, offering a range of services from primary care to specialized treatments.

Medellín, often referred to as the "City of Eternal Spring," has undergone a remarkable transformation in recent years, making it a prime investment location.

Private healthcare in Colombia is highly regarded and often preferred by expatriates and higher-income individuals.

Private hospitals and clinics offer modern facilities, state-of-the-art technology, and highly skilled medical professionals. The cost of private healthcare in Colombia is generally lower than in many developed countries, making it an attractive option for individuals seeking quality medical care at a reasonable price.

Best Cities to Live in Colombia

When it comes to choosing the best city to live in Colombia, two cities stand out for their unique offerings and quality of life.


Bogotá, the capital city of Colombia, is a bustling metropolis that offers a vibrant arts and culinary scene, rich history, and stunning architecture.

The city is home to numerous museums, art galleries, and theaters, providing ample opportunities for cultural enrichment.

Bogotá’s cosmopolitan nature also means that it has a diverse range of international restaurants and a thriving nightlife scene.

Additionally, the city’s excellent transportation system and infrastructure make it convenient for residents to navigate and explore the surrounding areas.


Cartagena, a coastal city in Colombia, is known for its picturesque beaches, colorful colonial buildings, and vibrant nightlife.

This UNESCO World Heritage Site attracts both tourists and expatriates with its charming old town, where you can stroll through narrow cobblestone streets and admire the well-preserved colonial architecture.

The city’s proximity to the beach allows residents to enjoy a laid-back lifestyle with plenty of opportunities for water sports and relaxation. The warm climate and friendly locals add to the overall appeal of living in Cartagena.

Best Cities to Retire in Colombia

Colombia is gaining popularity among retirees looking for a fulfilling and affordable lifestyle. Two cities stand out as ideal retirement destinations.

Santa Marta

Santa Marta, located on Colombia’s Caribbean coast, offers a tranquil beachfront retreat for retirees seeking a relaxed and laid-back lifestyle. With its stunning beaches, warm climate, and breathtaking natural beauty,

Santa Marta provides an idyllic setting for retirement. The city’s relatively low cost of living, coupled with its affordable real estate options, makes it an attractive choice for retirees looking to stretch their retirement savings.

Santa Marta also offers a range of recreational activities, from hiking in the nearby Sierra Nevada Mountains to exploring the nearby Tayrona National Park.


Cali, known as the “Salsa Capital of the World,” has become increasingly popular among retirees. The city’s warm climate, affordable cost of living, and vibrant social scene make it an appealing retirement destination.

Cali boasts a range of amenities, including excellent healthcare facilities, shopping centers, and recreational activities. Retirees can immerse themselves in the city’s salsa culture, enjoying dance classes, live music, and salsa festivals.

Additionally, Cali’s proximity to the Pacific coast allows residents to explore nearby beaches and indulge in water activities.

Related content: How to Retire in Colombia

Living in Bogota vs Living in Cartagena

The cost of living in Colombia can vary significantly depending on the city and neighborhood you choose. Generally, the cost of living in major cities like Bogotá and Medellín is higher compared to smaller towns and rural areas.

However, Colombia still offers a more affordable lifestyle compared to many Western countries.

In cities like Bogotá, the cost of housing can be relatively high, especially in upscale neighborhoods. Rent for a one-bedroom apartment in the city center can range from $500 to $800 per month, while a similar apartment outside the city center can cost between $350 and $600 per month.

Overall, the cost of groceries, transportation, and leisure activities in Bogotá is comparable to other major cities around the world.

In contrast, smaller cities like Santa Marta and Cartagena offer a more affordable cost of living. Rent for a one-bedroom apartment in Santa Marta can range from $300 to $500 per month, depending on the location and amenities.

The cost of groceries, transportation, and dining out in these cities is generally lower compared to the larger metropolitan areas.

It is important to note that individual lifestyle choices and preferences can greatly influence the overall cost of living. While Colombia offers affordable options, it is advisable to create a budget based on your specific needs and requirements.

Is Colombia Safe?

Colombia has made significant progress in terms of safety and security in recent years. The government’s efforts to combat crime and improve infrastructure have resulted in a more secure environment for residents and visitors.

However, it is still important to be cautious and aware of certain safety considerations.

Like in any country, certain areas in Colombia may have higher crime rates than others. It is advisable to research and choose neighborhoods with low crime rates and a visible police presence.

Additionally, it is recommended to take common-sense precautions such as avoiding walking alone at night in unfamiliar areas and keeping valuable belongings secure.

Colombia’s major cities, including Bogotá, Medellín, and Cartagena, have seen significant improvements in safety and security.

These cities have invested in modern surveillance systems, increased police presence, and tourist-friendly initiatives to ensure the well-being of residents and visitors. However, it is still important to exercise caution and be aware of your surroundings.

It is also recommended to stay informed about any travel advisories or safety updates issued by your embassy or consulate. By staying vigilant and taking necessary precautions, you can enjoy a safe and secure experience in Colombia.

Colombia Culture

Colombia is a country rich in cultural heritage and offers a wide range of recreational activities for residents and visitors alike. From vibrant festivals to breathtaking natural landscapes, there is something for everyone to enjoy.

Colombia’s cultural scene is diverse and vibrant. The country hosts numerous festivals throughout the year, celebrating music, dance, art, and gastronomy.

The Barranquilla Carnival, the Medellín Flower Festival, and the Cartagena International Film Festival are just a few examples of the cultural events that showcase Colombia’s rich traditions and artistic talents.

For nature enthusiasts, Colombia’s landscapes offer endless opportunities for exploration and adventure. From the lush Amazon rainforest to the snow-capped peaks of the Andes Mountains, the country’s natural beauty is awe-inspiring. Hiking, bird-watching, and wildlife spotting are popular activities in Colombia’s national parks and protected areas.

Colombia’s cities also offer a range of recreational opportunities. From exploring historical sites and museums to enjoying the vibrant nightlife and culinary scene, there is always something to discover.

Whether you are interested in salsa dancing in Cali, exploring the colonial architecture in Cartagena, or immersing yourself in Bogotá’s thriving arts scene, Colombia offers a rich tapestry of cultural and recreational experiences.

Key Takeaways

Colombia’s diverse landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and improving economy make it an attractive destination for individuals looking to live, invest, or retire.

From the bustling streets of Bogotá to the tranquil beaches of Santa Marta, Colombia offers a variety of captivating options that cater to different lifestyles and preferences.

When considering living, investing, or retiring in Colombia, it is crucial to research and consider various factors such as geographical location, cost of living, safety and security, infrastructure, climate, and cultural opportunities.

By understanding these factors and evaluating your personal preferences, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your goals and aspirations.

Colombia offers a wealth of opportunities for investors and individuals looking to live in a vibrant and culturally rich country. With its favorable business environment, diverse investment sectors, and growing middle class, Colombia has become an attractive destination for both local and international investors.

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Adam is an internationally recognised author on financial matters, with over 760.2 million answer views on Quora.com, a widely sold book on Amazon, and a contributor on Forbes.



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